selective focus photography cement

Men’s Employment Crisis: Only 41% Experienced Steady Careers

In a groundbreaking study by Penn State and Ohio University (The Myth of Men’s Stable, Continuous Labor Force Attachment: Multitrajectories of U.S. Baby Boomer Men’s Employment by Adrianne Frech, Jane Lankes, Sarah Damaske, and Adrienne Ohler), researchers have unveiled the complex nature of
November 16, 2023
france flag on gray concrete building near road

Profit-Sharing in France: A Boost for Low-Skilled Workers

A recent NBER working paper (The Effects of Mandatory Profit-Sharing on Workers and Firms: Evidence from France by Elio Nimier-David, David Sraer & David Thesmar) examines France’s mandated profit-sharing scheme. This scheme obligates large firms to share excess profits with employees. But a few questions arises: are
October 24, 2023
apartment architecture city colorful

Overeducated: Germany & The Role of Performance Pay 

Overeducated workers outperform and earn more than their coworkers in similar roles. Still, they lag behind peers with matching job qualifications in earnings. The big question? How they adjust to the pitfalls of overeducation. This working paper (Overeducation, Performance Pay and Wages:
October 17, 2023
apples close up delicious diet

NBER Paper: Mothers’ Health & Education Impact on Newborns

Introduction A new NBER working paper (Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality: Maternal Endowments, Investments, and Birth Outcomes by Sadegh Eshaghnia & James J. Heckman) uses models to analyze the impact of mothers’ characteristics (primary mothers’ health and education) on the likelihood of a baby being
October 11, 2023

Italy’s Population Decline: Causes & Consequences

Italy’s population decline and aging in municipalities have developed distinct trends over the past five decades. A recent study (Demographic sustainability in Italian territories: The link between depopulation and population ageing by Cecilia Reynaud & Sara Miccoli) reveals intriguing patterns and correlations,
October 2, 2023
person using dewalt cordless impact driver on brown board

How Minimum Lot Size Shape Cities & Home Prices

A new NBER working paper, Minimum Lot Size Restrictions: Impacts on Urban Form and House Price at the Border, by Joseph Gyourko & Sean McCulloch, estimates minimum lot sizes’ impact on housing prices. What they found: Properties located just 100 meters into
October 1, 2023
white and brown hospital beds

Negative childbirth experiences linked to lower birth rates

In recent research spearheaded by Johanna Joensuu, MSc, the quality of childbirth experiences at the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa (HUS) from 2012 to 2018 was explored in detail. The findings indicate a moderate decline in positive childbirth experiences in Finland
September 29, 2023
architectural photography of playground

Gallup: Americans want bigger families

Americans’ views on the ideal family size are shifting, with a recent Gallup poll revealing a rebound to leaning towards larger ones. But historical, socioeconomic, and demographic lenses shed light on a deeper, more nuanced story. By the Numbers: 47% of respondents
September 27, 2023
road between brown houses

Smartphones Associated With Lower Frailty Among Japan’s Elderly

In a recent study (Types and frequency of social participation and comprehensive frailty among community-dwelling older people in Japan by Nanako Saeki, Mayumi Mizutani, Susumu Tanimura, & Ritsuko Nishide), researchers have discovered an intricate connection between the elderly’s social activities and comprehensive
September 27, 2023