Hungary’s Baby Boost: Navigating Family Policies and their Impact on Population Growth

5 mins read
July 7, 2023
Free Hungarian Parliament Building, Budapest

According to the crystal ball of the UN, the Hungarian populace is shrinking. If nothing changes, it will hit rock bottom.

And so, really, Hungary, being all pro-babies starting in 2010, has been tossing family policy initiatives like confetti to combat this population nosedive. The past few years have seen a cavalcade of family support programs designed to cheer on families to keep making babies. The big question is whether these family policy measures are up to snuff. The jury’s still out, and let’s be honest, it will take more than just a few programs to turn the tide.

In this piece, we will give you a crash course on the history of Hungarian family policy, examine the present family support schemes, and dissect the impact these policies have on birth rates and Hungarians’ appetite to start families. Buckle up. You’re in for an enlightening ride.

A brief overview of the history of Hungarian family policy

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Photo by Henrique Ferreira / Unsplash

So let’s start with a little history lesson. Ever wondered about Hungary’s family policy saga? It’s so intertwined with their economic and social whirlwinds that it’s hard to separate them. Picture the 1950s. Hungary’s government is rolling up their sleeves, going full throttle into family formation as a cornerstone of its socialist agenda. We’re discussing robust state backing for families’ health, education, social needs, and financial support.

But then, the ’90s happened. With Hungary’s economy doing its chameleon act and embracing market reforms, there was this “hold up” moment. The family support system? It needed a facelift. And so, to keep the baby strollers rolling in, the government started dishing out family tax perks. Fast forward to today, and the Hungarian family policy mantra is all about tax breaks. And it doesn’t seem like that’s changing anytime soon.

Now, diving into Hungary’s current family policy agenda, the goals are lofty. Boosting birth rates? Check. Amplifying family values? Double check. Their strategy? Shower families with financial goodies and incentives like tax cuts, helping them build homes, and provisions for the mamas during and after baby time. And it doesn’t stop there. Families also get free access to kiddie care and incentives to craft family-friendly work zones. Anyway, the end game? A Hungary that feels like a warm, cosy nest for families and keeps those population digits on the rise.

Hungary’s Family Tax Buffet

Hungary is quite serious when it comes to their family tax benefits. It’s basically a reward system. Think of it like a coupon – the more kids you have, the bigger your tax discount. Families get to trim down their taxable amount, meaning they fork over fewer taxes at the end of the day.

There are two big players here:

Tax Base Reduction: This is where you get to subtract your benefit directly from the taxable amount. Think of it as having a smaller bill at the restaurant.

Tax Credit: This baby helps you directly cut down the taxes you owe. If you play your cards right, you could even get a refund.

Now, let’s talk numbers. In 2023, a family with one kiddo gets a tax relief of HUF 10,000. Got two? That’s HUF 20,000 per child. And for those with three? A whopping HUF 33,000 per child. And there’s more! There are additional reductions for families based on the number of children, but let’s stay aware of the numbers.

Hungary’s Housing Frenzy

Hungary’s not playing around with its housing programs. The government’s gone all out to give young families a boost with home ownership. The superstar here is the “CSOK” program. Who doesn’t want housing loans, non-repayable grants, and tax breaks?

You could get different amounts depending on whether your house is brand-spanking-new or a seasoned vet and how many little feet are running around. The deal gets sweeter if you have kids – the government helps you knock off part of your loan repayments. And there are even programs catered to rural housing and incentivising couples to have kids. Talk about motivation!

Taking Care of the Moms

Hungary’s all about supporting mothers-to-be and new moms. Enter maternity and childbirth allowances. These nifty grants help cover everything – from prenatal vitamins to baby booties. On top of the usual allowance, there are some sweet extras. Think of extended maternity leaves and assistance for kindergarten and school fees. After all, every penny counts when you’re raising the future.

School Days in Hungary

Hungary’s also looking out for the kids, focusing on their education. The government rolled out programs to jazz up kindergartens, and there’s help for families in the form of free or discounted textbooks and meals for the kiddos. Starting school? There’s an allowance for that, too – HUF 60,000, to be precise, in 2023.

But it’s not just the young ones getting the love. College kids can snag some cash, too, thanks to financial assistance programs. There are also merit-based scholarships for the brainiacs. If you’re dreaming big, a 0% interest student loan awaits you.

So, when it comes to family policies, Hungary’s kind of nailed it. It’s all about giving families a fighting chance and ensuring everyone gets a piece of the pie.

Evaluating Hungary’s Family Policies: Hits, Misses, and the Road Ahead

brown concrete building
Photo by Dale Pike / Unsplash

Hungary’s vigorous family policy efforts are undeniable. Over the years, the nation has unrolled various support mechanisms centred around bolstering family formation and encouraging childbirth. While we can tally up a few wins, the game’s still on. Below, we dissect the tangible impacts and forecast future challenges.

A Peek at Birth Rates: Positive, But…

Recent years ushered in an optimistic shift. Hungary’s fertility rate rose from 1.49 to 1.55 in 2020, breaking free from a three-year static spell. 2020 alone saw 92,338 births, a robust 3.4% increase from the previous year. The numbers bounced back despite the pandemic momentarily casting a shadow in 2020 and 2021.

Yet, challenges loom. The dwindling number of women within the fertile age bracket caps potential birth rate growth. We’ve made headway, but the journey to persistent fertility rate growth remains.

Long-term Impacts: Society and Economy

Hungary’s family-centric policies leave a lasting footprint on the nation’s social fabric and economy. A robust family backbone fosters birth rates, strips down childbearing barriers, and paves the way for equal educational opportunities from play school to college corridors. The subsequent ripples touch multiple domains:

Economy Boost: Easing family financial strains diminishes poverty and reduces social disparities. Tax sops for families and home-initiative programs spur household expenditure, driving economic growth.

Societal Shifts: Hungary’s forward-looking family strategy promises richer societal dividends. A reinforced family aid structure promises a more stable job market, favourable demographics, and poverty slashes. Plus, better education prospects prime the workforce and energise economic growth.

Hungary’s Family Policy: What Lies Ahead?

Hungary’s family-first approach is commendable. The country aims to fend off looming population decline threats by leaning into pronatalism. This commitment shines through in manifold incentives — maternity support, tax reliefs, housing initiatives, or education subsidies. The fruits are evident — a spike in birth rates and a slowed population decline pace.

However, the road ahead might not be all roses. As Hungary doubles down on its family policy, it must navigate upcoming challenges and ensure that these policies translate into long-term sustainable results.


Családi adókedvezmény 2023: mutatjuk, mennyi a családi adókedvezmény, hány éves korig jár! (2023, February 11). Pénzcentrum.

Gyermekvállalás megtekintése. (n.d.).

Hungary’s 2021 Population Decline Estimated to Be Highest since WWII. (2022, January 11). Hungary Today.

Kapitány, B., & Spéder, Z. (2021). Gyermekvállalás. Demográfiai Portré 2021.

Képviselői Információs Szolgálat. (2014, April 18). Családpolitika. Parlament.

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